連續2年演技獎入圍者清一色白人 美國黑人影壇大咖拒絕出席奧斯卡

2016-01-19 16:16

? 人氣

潔達蘋姬史密斯於《魔力麥克 XXL》(Magic Mike XXL)洛杉磯首映現場。(美聯社)

潔達蘋姬史密斯於《魔力麥克 XXL》(Magic Mike XXL)洛杉磯首映現場。(美聯社)

第88屆奧斯卡金像獎(Academy Awards)14日公布入圍名單,再度重演上一屆提名的奇觀:20位入圍演技獎的男女演員全部為白人;幾部以黑人為主題的佳作也未入圍最佳影片,再度引發美國電影藝術與科學學院(AMPAS)多元性不足的批評。

美國黑人民權運動偉人金恩博士(Martin Luther King, Jr.)紀念日(每年1月的第3個星期一,今年為1月18日)當天,同為黑人名導演史派克李(Spike Lee)與名演員潔達蘋姬史密斯(Jada Pinkett-Smith)宣布將不會出席2月28日的奧斯卡獎頒獎典禮,表示抗議。

這是奧斯卡獎連續第2年交出全為白人的演技獎入圍名單,上一次同樣情況是發生在1997、1998年。除了影藝學院遭到抨擊,小至個別電影宣傳活動、以至整個好萊塢的商業運作體系,都被認為與此現象有關。

延伸閱讀:白人男性壓倒勝 奧斯卡提名引爭議

美國導演史派克李於《芝拉克》(Chi-Raq)紐約首映現場(美聯社)
美國導演史派克李於《芝拉克》(Chi-Raq)紐約首映現場。(美聯社)

一座奧斯卡獎無法改變整個體制

曾2度獲奧斯卡獎提名的黑人導演史派克李18日在Instagram貼文中引用金恩博士名言:「有時候,一個人必須採取一個不安全、不聰明、也不受歡迎的立場,他必須這麼做,因為他的良知如此要求他。」

 

#OscarsSoWhite... Again. I Would Like To Thank President Cheryl Boone Isaacs And The Board Of Governors Of The Academy Of Motion Pictures Arts And Sciences For Awarding Me an Honorary Oscar This Past November. I Am Most Appreciative. However My Wife, Mrs. Tonya Lewis Lee And I Will Not Be Attending The Oscar Ceremony This Coming February. We Cannot Support It And Mean No Disrespect To My Friends, Host Chris Rock and Producer Reggie Hudlin, President Isaacs And The Academy. But, How Is It Possible For The 2nd Consecutive Year All 20 Contenders Under The Actor Category Are White? And Let's Not Even Get Into The Other Branches. 40 White Actors In 2 Years And No Flava At All. We Can't Act?! WTF!! It's No Coincidence I'm Writing This As We Celebrate The 30th Anniversary Of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr's Birthday. Dr. King Said "There Comes A Time When One Must Take A Position That Is Neither Safe, Nor Politic, Nor Popular But He Must Take It Because Conscience Tells Him It's Right". For Too Many Years When The Oscars Nominations Are Revealed, My Office Phone Rings Off The Hook With The Media Asking Me My Opinion About The Lack Of African-Americans And This Year Was No Different. For Once, (Maybe) I Would Like The Media To Ask All The White Nominees And Studio Heads How They Feel About Another All White Ballot. If Someone Has Addressed This And I Missed It Then I Stand Mistaken. As I See It, The Academy Awards Is Not Where The "Real" Battle Is. It's In The Executive Office Of The Hollywood Studios And TV And Cable Networks. This Is Where The Gate Keepers Decide What Gets Made And What Gets Jettisoned To "Turnaround" Or Scrap Heap. This Is What's Important. The Gate Keepers. Those With "The Green Light" Vote. As The Great Actor Leslie Odom Jr. Sings And Dances In The Game Changing Broadway Musical HAMILTON, "I WANNA BE IN THE ROOM WHERE IT HAPPENS". People, The Truth Is We Ain't In Those Rooms And Until Minorities Are, The Oscar Nominees Will Remain Lilly White. (Cont'd)

Spike Lee(@officialspikelee)張貼的相片 於 張貼

他也提到,多年來,許多媒體在奧斯卡獎公布入圍名單時,前來詢問他對於黑人沒有獲得足夠重視的看法,「也許,媒體應該去問那些白人獲提名者與其公司關於這件事的看法。」

史派克李於14日奧斯卡獎入圍名單出爐後不久,便表示「我們(黑人)或許可以時不時拿到奧斯卡獎,但一座奧斯卡獎無法為好萊塢的商業生態帶來根本性的改變。」

奧斯卡歷年最佳男女主角黑人獲獎者
奧斯卡歷年最佳男女主角黑人獲獎者

在2015年11月獲頒奧斯卡榮譽獎(Honorary Oscar)時,史派克李也曾嚴正地提出好萊塢多元性不足的議題。史派克李先前曾執導過數部聚焦種族議題的電影,包括1989年的《為所應為》(Do the Right Thing)與1992年的《黑潮麥爾坎》(Malcolm X)

「我們可以自己認同自己」

同一天,美國歌手及演員潔達蘋姬史密斯也發布影片,表示自己不會參與、甚至不會在電視上觀看2月28日的奧斯卡頒獎典禮。她提問,「有色族群的人們是否了解到,我們已經集聚了多少力量、多少影響力,不再需要等待別人邀請我們去到任何地方?」

We must stand in our power!

We must stand in our power.

Jada Pinkett Smith 貼上了 2016年1月18日
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